Timidez e Fobia Social na Infância e Adolescência

Article Index

References
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BANDELOW B., TORRENTE A.C., WEDEKIND D., BROOCKS A., HAJAK G., RUTHER E. (2004), Early traumatic life events, parental rearing styles, family history of mental disorders, and birth risk factors in patients with social anxiety disorder, European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 254: 397-405.
BATTAGLIA M., OGLIARI A., ZANONI A., VILLA F., CITTERIO A., BINAGHI F., FOSSATI A., MAFFEI C. (2004), Children’s discrimination of expressions of emotions: relationship with indices of social anxiety and shyness, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43 (3): 358-365.
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BRACONNIER A. (2002), Piccoli o grandi ansiosi ?, Milano, Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2003.
CAIRNEY J., McCABE L., VELDHUIZEN S., CORNA L.M., STREINER D., HERMANN N. (2007), Epidemiology of social phobia in later life, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15(3): 224-33.
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CHAVIRA D.A., STEIN M.B., MALCARNE V.L. (2002), Scrutinizing the relationship between shyness and social phobia, Anxiety Disorders, 16: 585-598.
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DEWIT D.J., CHANDLER-COUTTS M., OFFORD D.R., KING G., MCDOUGALL J., SPECHT J., STEWART S. (2005), Gender differences in the effects of family adversity on the risk of onset of DSM-III-R social phobia, Anxiety Disorders, 19: 479-502.
GALLAGHER H.M., RABIAN B.A., MCCLOSKEY M.S. (2004), A brief group cognitive-behavioral intervention for social phobia in childhood, Anxiety Disorders, 18: 459-479.
GERHOLD M., LAUCHT M., TEXDORF C., SCHMIDT M.H., ESSER G. (2002), Early mother-infant interaction as a precursor to childhood social withdrawal, Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 32 (4): 277-293.
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HANNA G.L., FISCHER D.J., FLUENT T.E. (2006), Separation anxiety disorder and school refusal in children and adolescents, Pediatric Review, 27(2): 56-63.
HIRSHFELD-BECKER D.R.,BIEDERMAN J., HENIN A., FARAONE S.V., DAVIS S., HARRINGTON K., ROSENBAUM J.F. (2007), Behavioral inhibition in preschool children at risk is a specific predictor of middle childhood social anxiety: a five-year follow-up, Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 28(3): 225-33.
HOFMANN S.G., HEINRICHS N., MOSCOVITCH D.A. (2004), The nature and expression of social phobia: toward a new classification, Clinical Psychology Review, 24: 769-797.
HUMMELEN B., WILBERG T., PEDERSEN G., KARTERUD S. (2007), The relationship between avoidant personality disorder and social phobia, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48(4): 348-56.
LEICHSENRING F., BEUTEL M., LEIBING E. (2007), Psychodinamic psychotherapy for social phobia: a treatment manual based on supportive-expressive therapy, Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 71(1): 56-83. LINGIARDI V. (2001), La personalità e i suoi disturbi, Milano, Il Saggiatore.
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MARCELLI D., BRACONNIER A. (1999), Adolescenza e psicopatologia, Milano, Masson, 2001.
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MELFSEN S., SCHWIEGER J., KUHNEMUND M., STANGIER U., STADLER C., POUSTKA F., HEIDENREICH T., LAUTERBACH W., WARNKE A. (2006), Treatment of social phobia in childhood and adolescence, Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Ppsychotherapy, 34(3): 203-12; quiz 213-4. MILLER V.A., FEENY N.C. (2003), Modification of cognitive-behavioral techniques in the treatment of a five year –old girl with social phobia, Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 33(4):303-319.
MOSCARDINO U., AXIA G. (2003), Le relazioni tra timidezza del bambino e responsività materna nei primi due anni di vita: uno studio longitudinale, Psicologia clinica dello sviluppo, 3: 457-479.
PELOSO A., GEMELLO R., RIGARDETTO R (2004)., Disturbi d’ansia e psicopatologia adolescenziale acuta, Psichiatria dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza, 71: 493-504.
PRIOR M., SMART D., SANSON A., OBERKLAID F. (2000), Does shy-inhibited temperament in childhood lead to anxiety problems in adolescence ?, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39: 461-468.
PROIETTI G. (2002), La timidezza, Milano, Xenia. RAPEE R.M., SPENCE S.H. (2004), The etiology of social phobia: empirical evidence and an initial model, Clinical Psychology Review, 24: 737-767.
RAPOPORT J.L., ISMOND D.R. (1996), DSM-IV-Guida alla diagnosi dei disturbi dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza, Milano, Masson, 2002.
SOGOS C., MAZZONCINI B., LAPPONI E., Levi G. (2005), La fobia della scuola: sottotipi clinici ed evoluzione del disturbo, Psichiatria dell’infanzia e dell’adolescenza, 72: 413-421.
SPENCE S.H., DONOVAN C., BRECHMAN-TOUSSAINT M. (2000), The treatment of childhood social phobia: the effectiveness of a social skills training-based, cognitive-behavioural intervention, with and without parental involvement, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41 (6): 713-726.
VELTING O.N.,SETZER N.G., ALBANO A.M. (2004), Update on and advances in assessment and cognitive-behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 35, 1:42-54.
VRIENDS N., BECKER E.S., MEYER A., MICHAEL T., MARGRAF J. (2006), Subtypes of social phobia: are they of any use ?, Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 21(1): 59-75.
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ZAPPULLA C., LO COCO A. (2000), L’isolamento sociale nell’infanzia, Psicologia clinica dello sviluppo, 3: 357-387.
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